The beauty of a woman's breasts at some point may be replaced by pain and even serious illness. Sadly , 80% of women of childbearing age are diagnosed with breast tumor , and more than half of this number are detected breast disease . Even if the tumor is benign on histology , the woman's life changes radically . The fears , apprehension , assumptions , fears are poisoning the existence of the emotion that oppresses it.
Modern diagnosis of breast disease in women has been conducted by a special device mammography, based on receipt of film images with the help of X-rays, which affected the accuracy of diagnosis. In these images are different in degree of transparency allows to see the shadow of pathological calcifications and tissue sealing. Their causes lies in the hormonal stress of the body, in the wrong nutrition with the use of carcinogens, poor-quality cosmetics, artificial termination of pregnancy, single childbirth, breastfeeding failure, bad habits, reception of hormonal preparations.
Currently, along with film mammography is used by digital, which allows the screening diagostiku without a serious exposure of the patient and gives the precision survey of more than 90%. For three-dimensional image of the inspected object used tomosynthesis, giving a series of cross-sectional images are reconstructed into a 3D image. More effective and recognized by the World Health Society is magnetic resonance mammography (MRM). Her application using a contrast agent in oncology allows you to define the earliest stages.
The question of how often you can do a mammogram , have ceased to be topical and disturbing . In European countries and Russia Mammography control of mammary glands in women it has become mandatory , which led to a decrease in cases of inoperable cancer. Every healthy woman aged 40 years, as a preventive measure should pass MRM and repeat this survey every two years. For those who are younger, indications are :
- tangible seals;
- breast shape changes, due to bulging;
- discharge from the nipple;
- patients with previously diagnosed benign tumors;
- mastitic or mastopathy;
- undergoing surgery for gynecology;
- infertility or obese.
With 50 years of mammography is more often - once every six months. The procedure itself is a bit painful, because the breast tightly clamped between the plates of the machine for more precise image. Normally, make two projections - direct and oblique, holding the chest between the plates at different angles. If you already menopause, the choice of the day for the study is irrelevant. Otherwise, the picture is taken from the fifth to the 12th day of the menstrual cycle. A special preparation of the patient does not need. A mammogram is required to be stored for comparison with future results of the survey.
Broad survey of breast cancer in women holds Russian Breast Center , specialized clinics and offices . However, the medicine is powerless if the woman does not want to wish to be healthy and confident that her health is not threatened . Writing such confidence can only mammography .