One of the "Pioneers" among mobile operating systems - it Symbian OS .The development of a consortium it Symbain, who in 1998 founded the company Nokia, Ericsson, Motorola and Psion, later joined by other mobile phone manufacturers.
Different versions of this operating system have been adapted for specific phone models. She was popular due to its ease and stability , low requirements for "stuffing" of the phone, and frequent new releases and quick fixes instabilities.Well, of course, the important role played by the fact that the Symbian platform is actively supported by one of the leading mobile phone manufacturers, Nokia, as well as a long time had almost no competitors.
But when they began to actively develop other mobile op
talk about the system Google Android , which "breathes in the back» Symbian OS.Despite its youth, it is very popular.Google Android is based on the kernel Linux, it is not only used in mobile phones, and smartphones, netbooks, tablets and other devices.
This system draws its flexibility : thanks to the open source code each developer can change it "for themselves."For users, this openness is expressed in a wide variety of applications.It is multi-tasking, it is characterized by high performance and easy integration with the services of Google.But openness - and also the reason some of the disadvantages of this OS.For example, it often requires improvements.
Some phone manufacturers prefer to use their own mobile operating system.For example, iPhone from Apple are running the operating system Apple iOS .The devices from the company Research In Motion Limited (RIM) - smartphones BlackBerry - equipped with the operating system of the same name.A series of touch phones (touchscreen phones) Wave from Samsung runs on Bada (they are called - "badafony").
The advantage of these systems is that they are "incarcerated" under the vendor-specific machines with all their features .Typically, these systems are reliable, regularly updated and can boast of a good support team.But there are also disadvantages, for example, users complain about the BlackBerry OS is not too convenient browser, and you can not install unofficial iOS application.But if you decide definitely buy iPhone, Blackberry or Samsung Wave, have to put up with the shortcomings.
sixth place in popularity after the Symbian OS, Google Android, Apple iOS, BlackBerry OS, and Bada operating system takes Windows Mobile , based on the platform Windows CE.It is convenient because its interface is similar to the interface we are used to the Windows operating system for personal computers.It is multi-tasking, boasts a convenient timing.But at the same time on Windows Mobile makes quite high demands on the "stuffing" of the smartphone is vulnerable to viruses and not always stable.
successor of Windows Mobile is to become Windows Phone 7 .Upgrade from Windows Mobile to Windows Phone 7 can not be due to hardware incompatibility.In Russia, the phones based on the platform were sold as recently as September 2011.Microsoft has said the platform turning point in the development of mobile phones, but to confirm or deny their words can only holders of novelties phones with this OS, which is not too much.
addition to the six leaders in the market for mobile operating systems, you may experience with other operating systems. alternative mobile operating systems developed on the basis of the Linux kernel and are usually used in a limited number of models.These include HP webOS (formerly Palm webOS), Maemo, OpenMoko, MontaVista Mobilinux, EZX Linux, MOTOMAGX, LiMo Platform, Access Linux Platform and MeeGo.
In this article we describe the major mobile operating systems, which have to deal with the owners of smartphones. choosing a smartphone, be sure to ask about the installed operating system on it (it so happens that on different models of the same manufacturer have different OS), because it is from it depends largely on the user experience.