How to change the file system file system is responsible for the organization of files on the storage media.If you use Microsoft Windows, you often have to deal with systems FAT32, NTFS, and exFAT.Usually media, with which we deal, are already formatted to the desired file system.But sometimes you may need to change the file system
to another. How to change the file system?

The easiest way to change the file system on the medium - a format it .Before you proceed, you can select from the dropdown list the desired file system, then the drive will be formatted to, say, NTFS or FAT32 - depending on what you choose.

But the format has one serious drawback: it erases all the data on the media.And if, say, the information from the USB drive, you can copy somewhere for a while formatting the hard disk is more complicated.And if the system disk, you will need to reinstall the system, during which you and select the desired file system. How to change the file system without loss of data on the disk?

If you need to change the file system from FAT32 to NTFS , you can use the built-in utility Windows - Convert.exe.GUI she does not have to use the command line.To access the command prompt, press the Start button, select All Programs → Accessories → Command Prompt.

In the next window, enter the following command:

convert drive_letter: / fs: ntfs

For example, if you need to change the file system on drive D, the command will be as follows:

convert d: / fs: ntfs

enter the command, press Enter.If the command line are prompted to enter the volume label disc , enter it and press Enter.(Volume label - this text designation for the drive, which can be replaced by a standard known as "Local Disk".) You should see the message "Conversion finished", then you can close the command prompt.

If you decide to change filesystem on the system disk , serves to delay the execution of this task until the next reboot the computer - to convert the running operating system is not possible.In this case, you need to click the Yes button (enter on the command line the symbol Y).

also reboot may be required if the drive is not a system, but at the time of conversion is used by another process - for example, if you open some files stored on it.In this case, you should either close all files and enter the symbol Y , or just enter the symbol Y, the conversion will be performed when the computer restarts.This conversion

unlike formatting does not affect data stored on disk files.The probability of data loss or damage in this case is low, but it's worth to make backup copies of critical files. Note that this way you can change the file system from FAT32 to NTFS, the inverse transform in the same way it is impossible!

Before converting desirable check the disk for errors .To do this, go to "My Computer", right-click on the desired drive, then click Properties.In the Properties window, click the Tools tab and then under Error-checking, click Check Now.

can also change the file system disk without loss of data using special programs .These include, for example, Acronis Disk Director, Paragon Partition Manager, PartitionMagic, and so on. N. In these programs, you can convert the disk not only from FAT32 to NTFS, but on the contrary, convert NTFS to FAT32, and Acronis Disk Director, say,It supports other file systems.But keep in mind that all these programs are paid.

As you can see, there are several ways to change the file system support, each of them has its advantages and disadvantages. main thing - do not "play" with the file system without a special need .

How to change the file system
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