Command Prompt Command line - a very convenient tool for the operating system Windows, allows you to perform a variety of tasks.But most people are black box with a blinking cursor drives into a stupor.How were they "communicate"?To do this you need to know the command line command .

command line commands allow the same action, for which we use a GUI Windows : browse the contents of folders, copy, move, rename and delete files and folders, forcibly terminate processes without using the task manager ... but intuitively understandable graphical interface, but the command-line "method of scientific spear" is unlikely to work.

In this article we will list the command lines that you might need - not everything, of course, but only the most basic .Start a command prompt, you would see the type:

C: \ Users \ your_user & gt ;, where your_user - the name of the current user.

This means that at the moment you are in the user folder (as if you opened it in Windows Explorer).To change this folder, use CD or CHDIR .For example, if you want to go to the Video folder on the drive D, type:

cd D: \ Video

If you use the CD or CHDIR without specifying the path to the disk / folder, it will display the name of the current folder .To display a list of files and subfolders in the current folder, use the command DIR .For the manipulation of the files and folders used are command-line:

COPY - copy to another location one or more files
DEL / ERASE - remove one or more files
FC - compare two files (file set)and display the differences between them
FIND - found in one or more files text string
MD / MKDIR - create a folder
MOVE - move from one folder to another one or more files
PRINT - print the contents of a textFile print
RD / RMDIR - delete a folder
REN / RENAME - rename a file or folder
REPLACE - replace files
ROBOCOPY - run means an improved copy files and directory trees
TREE - graphical displaythe directory structure of the disc or folder
TYPE - print the contents of a text file to the screen
XCOPY - copy files and directory trees

In addition to working with files and folders, command line commands allow work with the computer's hard disk and file systems : to change the disk label, run check disk for errors, change the file system disk.This group includes commands such commands:

CHKDISK - test drive, and display statistics
CHKNTFS - display or change the performance of the disk check at startup
COMPACT - display and change file compression in sections NTFS
CONVERT - convertdisk volume from FAT to NTFS (for the currently active drive conversion can not be performed)
DISKPART - to display and adjust the properties of partition
FORMAT - formatted disk (Caution: Formatting deletes all data on the disk!)
FSUTIL - display andconfigure the file system properties
LABEL - create, modify or delete the volume label for the drive
RECOVER - recover data from bad or damaged disk (if you can read)
VOL - bring the label and volume serial number for the drive

There

command lines, allowing know certain information about the system (version, configuration, installed drivers):

DRIVERQUERY - display the current status and properties of the device driver
SYSTEMINFO - display information about the system, configuration
VER - to display information about the version of Windows

But the parameters of the system can not only view, but also to change - for example, set the system date and time.In addition, command-line tools let manage applications and processes and even shut down your computer.

DATE - show or set the current date
SCHTASKS - execute a command or launch an application on a schedule
SHUTDOWN - shut down the computer (locally or remotely)
TASKLIST - display all running tasks (includingServices) - similar to Task Manager
TASKKILL - stop or stop the process or application (used to stop the process ID - PID, which can be found using the command TASKLIST)
TIME - display and set the system time

There is a group of commands,which allows control of the command line : change its appearance, start another copy, clear the screen.

CLS - clear screen command line
CMD - to run another copy of the command line
COLOR - to set the text color and background command line
PROMPT - an invitation to change the command line
TITLE - assign the titlethe window for the current session cmd.exe (command line interpreter)
EXIT - exit from the command line

course, it's not all command-line.All teams, and especially, their parameters, it is impossible to describe in one article.For more information, you can use the command line ...!Team HELP displays a list of available commands and command HELP command_name (where command-name - the name of the command you are interested in) displays detailed information about the team.

Command Prompt
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