permanent carriers of Staphylococcus aureus are about one-fifth of the population, usually a bacterium persists in the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract and skin. staphylococcal infection is transmitted by airborne droplets, and food contact by .Staphylococcus aureus is extremely resistant to the environment.
Newborns are usually faced with Staphylococcus aureus is still in the hospital, almost immediately after birth. Staph infection - one of the most common hospital-acquired infections , it is usually recorded in the form of an epidemic nature of outbreaks in hospitals and other medical institutions where young children.Dispatched bacteria through contaminated objec
Staphylococcus aureus in infants can cause a wide range of diseases .It can affect the skin and subcutaneous tissue (dermatitis, pustules, erosion), mucous membranes (conjunctivitis, stomatitis), digestive system (gastritis, enteritis, colitis), respiratory system (bronchitis, laryngitis, pneumonia), urogenital system (pyelonephritis, cystitis), nervous system (encephalitis, meningitis).The incubation period may be from several hours to several days.
However, Staphylococcus aureus in infants is not always cause any disease.According to some reports, the fifth day of stay in the hospital are carriers of the bacteria more than 90% of newborns, but not all become ill. At risk children with reduced immunity .The causes low immunity are any pathology of pregnancy and childbirth, premature birth, underweight, and others.
Treatment of Staphylococcus aureus is carried out in a hospital .The child is placed in an insulated box and prescribe antibiotics.Staphylococcus aureus resistant to penicillin, so other antibiotics treatment use.Also prescribe probiotics, enzymes, immune stimulants and vitamins, special diet.
How to prevent S. aureus infection of the child? For prevention largely responsible not the child's parents and the medical staff.It is important that the hospital regularly examined pregnant women, medical and support staff and treated promptly detected staphylococcal disease.Also important is the observance of the rules of sanitary modes: regular wet cleaning, disinfection care items, toys, etc., correct storage of infant formula.
Unfortunately, accurately monitor compliance by the staff all these rules, it is impossible.Therefore it is very important responsible approach to the choice of hospital , which fully complies with all sanitary and epidemiological norms.It is desirable not only rely on the advice of girlfriends, but also to ask the opinion of a qualified obstetrician-gynecologist.
What parents can do for prevention of staphylococcal infection but find the hospital?It is advisable before birth be screened for carriage of Staphylococcus aureus (and both parents). After discharge from the hospital is important to observe good personal hygiene , maintain cleanliness in the house, monitor the quality of food.These rules seem simple and obvious, but nevertheless, some parents somehow neglected.
Staph infection in newborns in the home is less common than in maternity wards and hospitals, but that does not mean that the child can not get sick at home.Therefore for any warning signs you need as quickly as possible to see a doctor , and not to self-medicate.