Once in the house there is a small kitten - life household ceases to be the same. At least , as long as the pet is older and begins to eat and take care of themselves . But until then you will need to feed a kitten , and provide appropriate care , that is , in fact, to replace his mother and become the new parent. Cat baby is growing rapidly , but for the full development it needs nutrients and enough food. Foods for kittens must be not only plentiful , but also balanced.
The composition and characteristics of the diet of kittens
Cats - predators, rather, they are omnivorous, but prefer food of animal origin to all other products. Cubs at birth have a bumpy tongue and digestive system, designed for the digestion of protein. However, as long as the kitten will not grow teeth (milk, then constant), it can and must be fed only breast milk. And lambing cat, obeying instinct, feeds the cats and takes care of them. Talking to her that not only gives kids proteins, fats and carbohydrates for growth, but also important for the proper development of the procedure. Licking pups, cat stimulates their bowels and metabolism.
As long as everything goes right , the first two weeks of life, kittens do not need nothing but warmth and milk from his mother . However, unforeseen circumstances may deprive them of all this , if the cat is sick and / or abandon offspring. In that case, the duties of rearing kittens completely fall on your shoulders . And in order to properly bring up a kitten and ensure its future health , you have to take into account such power requirements kittens :
- The metabolism of the kittens is very fast, and the stomach, as everyone knows from the advertising, "no more than a thimble."
- For the same reason kittens under the age of 1 month, and often eat a lot.
- To understand whether you feed the kitten , guided by its weight. Body weight of cats is increasing rapidly , but gradually , so often have to weigh the baby . Depending on the breed and size of mother , newborn kittens weigh 80-100 grams. A week later, the life of the body weight increase kitten widows, and then - at 100 grams per week . Monthly seals weigh more cats , and before that age have the same weight .
- You can not rely solely on the weight and the behavior of a kitten . The amount of food and frequency of meals are subject to rigorous calculation , otherwise the baby will get enough nutrients. Feed the kittens to 5 days of life every 2 hours ( 12 feedings a day), from 1 week to a month - every 3-4 hours around the clock.
- To make sure that the kitten got enough food, put a finger to his mouth.
What and how to feed a kitten from a pipette?
Described difficulty pushing many to a logical solution of the problem : to find another cat recently given birth to kittens and lose or continue to feed them. Maternal instinct make her grow foster kids like family. But if you do decide to artificially bring up a kitten , get ready to "become his own mother " at least for the near future . Here are tips to help you pass this test , and to feed a kitten :
- Available in special mixtures for artificial feeding of the animals - to feed the kitten by them.
- You can cook yourself a substitute for cat milk, mixing goat's milk with a protein of chicken eggs in a ratio of 4: 1.
- Cow's milk is not suitable for kittens.
- In a pinch, you can give the kitten milk formula adapted for infants.
- Cook the mixture for feeding a kitten before feeding and keep ready-mix long day.
- To simulate a cat's nipples using a pipette with a thin nose and a medical syringe without a needle.
How to feed a kitten natural food?
Feline milk substitutes and / or adapted feed mixtures abandoned newborn kittens and all the young from two weeks , not even deprived the mother's milk . Kittens with crescent can be given low-fat cream and other dairy products , preferably special stamps for baby food . Month kitten 's time to give the lure a more diverse , including egg yolk, cereals and natural meat :
- Fillet of chicken, soft beef or fish without bones can not be given in the raw form, be sure to boil and / or grind in a blender.
- The ground meat can be mixed with boiled vegetables and homogeneous cereal porridges that the kitten received not only the "building blocks" of proteins and vitamins, and minerals, and energy from carbohydrates.
- Eggs boiled hard-boiled, and then crushed.
- Cottage cheese, yogurt, sour cream and other dairy products with care and let us watch the chair pet.
- Choose low-fat all products (0-2%), because the extra saturated fats are not useful kitten.
- While the kitten eats milk and other liquid food, it gets enough moisture from the food.
- After 4 months of diet cat food is more like an adult cat and a half a year can safely resume a normal cat's menu.
How to feed a kitten dry food and canned food?
Ready cat food contains proteins , carbohydrates , fats and auxiliary components in a balanced ratio . But this is true of high-quality forage , which are not cheap. Among breeders being heated debate about the dangers of low-cost feed and their impact on health and the cat , but in the end only you can decide what to feed the kitten up to six months and an adult cat in the future. The only thing we can do their part, so it is orient you in choosing the finished feed the kitten :
- With 1.5-2 months kittens fed a specially designed dry and / or canned food.
- It is undesirable to mix natural and ready to feed, because in this case is difficult to calculate the amount of incoming nutrients.
- Soft finished feed from cans or bags lay in a bowl kitten in an amount which he eats at a time, so that the food does not zavetrivalas and ports.
These recommendations are binding, universal and applies equally to cats of all breeds. If you are unsure how to properly feed the kitten, the kitten Maine Coon kitten sphinx or consult with a veterinarian, but he will probably tell you the same thing. At the same time consult about vitamins for immunity kitten. With proper nutrition they need not, but eventually you have to make the kitten vaccinations and vitamin supplements to give courses. However, this is a topic for another article altogether, which we will reveal.