How to choose a ski, ski choose Winter is not far off, and about the snow falls.It is believed that the summer provides more space for sports and entertainment, but it is not so!Snowboarding became popular, but that does not mean forget about skating and skiing.Few things can compare to the Sunday stroll through the snowy woods on skis.But skiing - it is not only pleasant, but also a good fitness, the ability to improve heart function, tone the figure.Now
most popular skiing.Tourists traveling to famous ski resorts in Austria, France, Switzerland, combining business with pleasure - and ride, and relax, spend time in SPA-salons, water parks, etc.But it remained on a par with people who are dearer usual skiing, familiar styles of riding who find pleasure in skiing without leaving their city.The journal is useful to talk about skiing, cross-country and familiar - classic and ridge.

riding style

CrossCountry
Cross-country skiing distinguishes three styles of skiing.One of them is familiar to anyone ever get up on skis.This is a typical, classic style s
kiing in which the skis move parallel to each other.Skiing for this style come from soft (about stiffness of skis we discuss below), with a long and pointed toe.
Another skiing - skating, or it is also called free style.Technique movement is clear from the title - the skier moves like a skater, starting from the inner surface of snow skiing.Of course, this style requires a few other conditions.Sami skiing should be rigid and shorter than classical skis.In addition, the route for skiing in the skating style to be very well compacted and wide.
Outside the track, of course, is more convenient to move the traditional style.But there is a third style of riding, which is preferred by lovers of cross-country skiing - is universal.Universal skiing is just suited for skiing in any of the first two styles.

Skiing
for skiing generated more styles and sports disciplines:
Skiing
  • carving. This riding style, where the skier turns on bends, using the edges of skis in all phases of the turn.These are called carving skis, or "fitted" - for a deep cut on the sides.This style is made for the groomers;
  • fan carving (carving an extreme).This style is difficult previous, often controlled by the skier without sticks.Technology is about the same, but the skier rotates "small radius" almost lying sideways on the track.Feature skis to perform fan carving that they have further improves the plate, increasing the distance between the ski and the boot.This style is also required well-prepared slopes;
  • ski tour. This quiet style, involving skiing on the slopes, not equipped with lifts and other technical means.Skier rises on skis, equipped with special devices - Camus, warning slip;
  • ski cross. In this style competitions at the rate of having bends and drops the track to be equipped with besides and jumps.For skiing to ski cross-country high demands agility, strength, etc .;
  • freestyle. arisen recently, this style is very popular, as hides a lot of interesting things.Freestyle can be practiced on special slopes, stadiums, halfpipe (it is artificially created in the hillside sloping to train halfpipe skiers and snowboarders).Style involves jumping, tricks in the halfpipe wall, move forward, and more;used skis of special shape, for example, twin-tip - skiing, and whose toe and heel have a bent shape, which allows you to continue the movement, even turning back, or landing at the descent;
  • freestyle backcountry. The difference is that this style is used in a snowy field in the virgin lands and skis used with a wide waist;
  • freeride. This style requires great skill and possession of skiing, its essence is skating on different terrain off-piste (virgin, jumping off cliffs, hills, etc.).Skiing requires broad, with wide waist greater than 80 mm;
  • extreme. even more complex kind of freeriding.The highest level of skill, as skating goes on dangerous slopes, including forested with jumping off cliffs, etc .;
  • Tselinnoe skating.It skating in deep virgin snow ("powder").This style requires Powder - this is the most extensive skiing (110 mm), soft and with a large turning radius.

Types

Ski Skiing divided into several groups.

1. On the target audience
How to choose a ski, ski choose choosing skis, it is necessary, first of all, bear in mind the purpose for which you buy them.Thus, there are several types:
Professional Skiing (Sport).Skiing acquire such class people stand firmly on the track is not the first year.They are the most expensive and, moreover, easily distinguished.One of the manufacturers (Rossignol) produces professional skiing, which differ more and prospective of snow.
Amateur skiing (Fitness).These skis are also a sport, they should acquire those who are just beginning to ride, as well as those who are riding all the time, but recently, and called himself a professional can not yet.They are a bit harder, easier and cheaper.
Travel (Touring).The name of this type of speaks for itself.If you want to make a tourist trip on skis, it is necessary to choose them - they are perfect even for long-distance travel.Travel skis other types of skis wider and heavier (usually the weight of skis over 1.5 kg), more stringent, while lower surface often make incisions - they avoid the "slip".
very similar to travel back-country skiing.They too broad, often made with notches, besides more and more wear-resistant.Recreational skiing
something similar to tourist - they too broad, they have notches (this allows not apply grease), but they are significantly lower weight - up to 1.5 kg, as are mainly for undemanding, Nedalnywalks.
Children and junior skis (Junior).For this target group skiing are most often plastic.On them is a regular fixture at boot, which can be adjusted.These skis specially balanced to the weight and strength of children.
In addition, there is also a fishing (hunting) skiing.What kind of skis do not need to explain, we need only note that this is the most extensive of all types of skiing.

2. By way of movement
How to choose a ski, ski choose This group includes all three types - the number of styles, plus the combined.
Classic ("Classik", "Cl").The most usual way in which the skier slides on two parallel tracks, knurled skiing.
Ridge ("Skate", "Sk).This type of new, and recently came into use.As the name implies, the skier moves on skis like skating on a dedicated circuit or even without it.This is the fastest style.
combined.Moving one way or another depending on the capabilities and desires.

3. By type of buildings
Skiing on the type of structure are divided into classic and carving.Classic skis straight, while carving look "form-fitting", ienarrowing to the center and expand to the ends of the ski.These skis are suitable for beginners as well as a more stable.

4. According to the type and weight pad deflection
This classification is just a characteristic of the professional ski.It focuses on:
  • on a soft dry snow (soft) - soft-skiing with a long strip;
  • to plus ski runs and rigid (hard) - the hard skiing with a short block;
  • for transitional weather (medium) - in between the above types.
5. By Material
Skis are made of two materials - wood and plastic Skis are made of two materials - wood and plastic.Today, it is in great demand plastic and wooden skis have few places you can buy.The fact that plastic skis have many advantages over wood.They are stronger, more durable - not stratified and does not get wet, but it is easier expressway.On plastic skis can go even thaw - in this case it is necessary to use a liquid lubricant, and spread it under the part of the ski boot (loading).In other cases, lubricate the sliding surface of the ski is not necessary.
wooden skis are good if you are just starting to ride on them or are going to put a child on skis.In the future, the selection is better to give a plastic skis.Models of all time are improved.The latest achievement was the introduction of the cap-technology in which the side and the upper surface of the ski is not glued together, and held together by a single plastic cover.
leading firms are «Atomic» and «Fischer».For these firms go skiing and amateurs and professionals.They were first introduced in the above-described cap-structure.Moreover, unlike skiing company «Atomic» that each pair has its own eight-digit number, the first digit of which is the year of issue, the second - the type of surface, for which the couple is, and the other six - directly number pairs.With regard to the type of surface: skis designed for professionals with the second digit from 4 to 7, each of which corresponds to a specific state of the track.If this place is any other number, the skis are considered amateur universal.
In addition to these companies, there are other, long and well-established.Among domestic companies engaged in the issue of skis "Tisa", "Karelia".From foreign companies can distinguish «Volkl», «Blizzard», «Head» and French «Rossignol».

6. By design
How to choose a ski, ski choose With regard to the design, the manufacture of alpine skis used not only cap.
sidewall.The essence of this design in the longitudinal or trapezoidal elements on the side surfaces of the ski.
Sandwich.Now this design is considered to be a classic for alpine skiing.It is a few layers of different materials that are responsible for those or other indicators.
torsion box.First of all, the purpose of this design - increased torsional rigidity (that is it will tell MirSovetov below).Its peculiarity is that the core skis (its "internal" from top to bottom, moving) hidden in a box made of a woven material.Options

ski

very important right to choose the length and stiffness of skis.Make is not difficult.

CrossCountry
length. There are two ways to choose the length of skis.Key - is either pulled up or hand resulting from the height of 10 cm subtract or add to their own growth of 10-15 cm. In addition, there is a special table, which can more accurately calculate the length of skis (of it shows that age and weight is setwhen selected).Here is one:

Weight (kg) 20-25 25-30 30-35 35-45 45-55 55-65 65-75
Height (cm) 100-110 110-125 125-140 140-150 150-160 160-170 170-180
length of skis (cm) 105-115 115-135 135-165 165-180 180-195 195-200 200-210
length sticks(cm) 80-90 90-100 100-110 110-120 120-130 130-140 140-150
comments from MirSovetov! If your weight is much more (or less) for the growth of the table, you need the length of the ski proposed in the table, subtract (add) 5-8 cm.
hardness. hardness ski easiest way to check.It is necessary to put the skis on the floor and stand up to them.The second man at this time takes a sheet of paper and holds it between the ski and the floor back and forth under the boot, thereby checking the distance - ideally it should be 30-45 cm forward and 10 cm back.Then, it is necessary to shift the weight of the body on one ski and to do all the same, in this case, the gap should not be more than 10 cm on either side.If the gap is greater, the skiing is too hard, if less - respectively, are too soft.
for child need to take the ski softer.On them it will be easier to learn to ride.In addition, in no event can not take the children skiing long positions - so often do, considering that the saved and the child a few years will be to ride on them.This is a mistake - these skis will not "listen" to the child, and perhaps it whacks any desire to try on.This also applies to ski poles, which also did not have to take "for growth."

Skiing
Skis When selecting alpine skiing there are nuances.
Length (Rostovka). Rostovka alpine skiing selected depending on the height, weight, skill level and style preferences of the skier.Over time, it will be possible to determine all of this, but first is better to use the following rules:
  • if the physical form is not in the best condition, or a beginner not too confident in their abilities - we must take the skis out of the calculation of "growth minus 20 cm."It is worth noting that taking the skis out of the calculation, in practice, is not very convenient, as with a normal level of training novice soon gaining the necessary skills to learn to drive faster, and then the following rule is already working;
  • if the level of training is already quite high, and the skier is going to train seriously, the calculation of "negative growth of 10 cm";
  • and finally, if the skier is riding for a long time and is confident on skis - the length of the skis can be equal to growth.
In general, recently choose shorter skis within 10-15 cm from minus growth.But again - a lot depends on the preferences of a particular person, style, slopes, etc.For example, the length of the ski better hold on the natural tracks in the virgin lands, and they are best suited for long wide runs, while the shorter skis, of course, more maneuverable, they are easier to ride on difficult, icy and uneven trails, and they are more light.
Geometry skiing. the geometry is understood waist width, toe and heel.
principle of selecting the width of the waist is: for it is not equipped with tracks more than 68 mm;for the unbroken lines, virgin land - more than 75 mm.Average width - for the purpose of skis, in which you can go there, and there.
Skiing with narrow heels and toes more maneuverable, but with a broad - resistant.
Simply put, we can distinguish the general rule for the geometry of skis - the wider the skis, so they are more stable, more resistant, they are not "drown" in the snow, walking in virgin snow.Narrow the skis are suitable for ice, hard runs, they are light and maneuverable.
hardness. As for skiing, then they, too, can be divided into several groups according to the skill level of the skier:
  • very light and soft-skiing - skiing is for beginners;
  • more stringent and difficult to manage - skiing for advanced and experts;
  • Finally, the most rigid, complex and expensive skiing is skiing for athletes.They require high skills and good physical shape.
Distinguish torsional and longitudinal rigidity.
How to choose a ski, ski choose longitudinal stiffness (different - flexibility) - the same figure as in the choice of cross-country skiing.Accordingly, it is necessary to pick up the same way (see. Above.).When selecting stiffness special attention should be paid to the weight of the skier, his level of training and aggressive skating.The more these indicators, the harder must be skiing.Newcomers better to choose soft skis - they are easier to manage, well absorb bumps runs, in addition, their own take, if you intend to ride on the virgin snow.
torsional rigidity.When driving forces acting on the ski tend to wrap it.This torsional rigidity is responsible for ensuring that this does not happen.The higher rigidity - by, respectively, less likely.Almost all models of well known brands are produced with good torsional rigidity.Check it is unfortunately impossible.Here runs the "price-quality", should not take cheap skiing in non-specialized stores, ideally it is better to rely on an experienced instructor with the purchase of the first ski.
damping Meaning.When moving a skier inevitably passes through the uneven tracks, causing small ski starts to vibrate - it can be fraught with the loss of stability and injury.This woodcore is responsible for how to behave skiing at medium and high speeds.