Camcorder Here camcorder has emblazoned on your desk while you are already impatiently finally shoot a close look at your navigation manual.Stop!What am I doing?And how many do?I am sure that there is no!Most just spoiling for a fight.And, incidentally, in vain!Many problems, both technical and artistic plan arise precisely because of this obscurity books!For incorrect, suboptimal, unsuitable for the nature of the shooting settings can be detrimental not only to the "health" of your camera, but on the result of the video.It will be very sad to see the hideous quality material.So after all I advise you not to rush and to read the manual.If you learn to use the necessary time or another option, the camera, you will not only increase its impact (why pay the extra money if it does not use it), but the Lift up the artistic and technical quality to a whole other level.
The main advantage of the camera - the ability to capture a moving picture.This is the realization of this function, and it is necessary to send all the
power when shooting.But first things first.
At this point, you probably already have read the manual, and clearly know what and how to enable and configure - it's time to start!Here much depends on the type of your camera.So what are the camera?But!Again, as this may affect the outcome of video?And here is how.
example, the camera tape, the tape length, as, indeed, other media are endless.You started to shoot the scene, and the tape, unfortunately, ended, requires a very long procedure for changing the cassette, and no one is waiting for you!That's why knowing how lack of media (tapes, memory cards, etc.), as well as the battery, you can advance to coincide with their shift in the pauses between the scenes.

Types cameras

Camcorders Once upon a time were cameras that record on photosensitive film.Now, however, they are only used for professional shooting widescreen cinema (movie theater).
and analog cameras were producing tape recording (VHS, S-VHS, VHS-C, Video-8, etc.), But they are already gone.They were replaced by digital cameras, but they are also recorded on tape (miniDV, DV).If miniDV has actually inherited the fate of previous cameras, the DV format still exists in our professional cameras, but they will not, becauseI am talking about the amateur video.
Settings from above (amateur) is not a lot of cameras.Basically, they concern effects that are usually quite useless for much more effective use of the installation, which we will discuss in the next article.However, if you still want to watch the footage as is, and the effects on the camera may be amiss.
In today's market there are already tapeless camcorders devices, namely cameras with recording on optical disks, however, this is also an outdated version.There is a record on the hard disk and flash drive, that is,the solid state drive.
Here are some settings of these cameras and exercise.

Preparing the Camcorder to shoot

Menu camcorder A setting begins with the entrance to the menu.Immediately make a reservation, we will focus on those preferences, which may influence the technical and artistic quality of the shooting.How to activate one or the other depends on the mode of the camera, so we will not go into details.So, let's begin!
Even though it does not affect the quality of the recording, but still recommend to set the date and time.It then helps you to determine the chronology of events.Nevertheless, "imprint" the date and time frame, I strongly recommend it!If the camera is tapeless, these data will be readily determined by the date and time the file was created.If the date imprinted in the frame of speech of any artistic quality can not go.
then immediately turn off the digital zoom, and forget about it.It is, in most cases, too useless function, for very much falls quality, assimple image scaling occurs, and to do nothing without a tripod.
will not hurt your objectives to set up a microphone, if permitted by the camera.For example, Panasonic makes a camera with a wide range of options the microphone.The fact is that when shooting events where sound is important, it is necessary that its quality was acceptable.In my opinion, the most appropriate zoom microphone.Ieangle "hearing" the microphone is coordinated with the zoom position - the wider the angle, the more extended the "hearing" at the microphone.You can set the so-called syurraund where audio capture occurs in many planes, that makes the sound volume, the quality of the sound is excellent.Another thing is that not all output devices (TV, computer) will be able to get the same quality.
Also, some cameras allow you to adjust the depth (bit depth) of the sound, as a rule, or 12, or 16 bits.The higher the number, the better (richer tones) sound, but also the flow of information, and the volume of files increases.Again the same, guided by the importance of the subject and shoot.For example, if you shoot a cacophony of the city, it is enough poor quality sound.Here I want to emphasize that if the plan video processing (assembly), in most cases, even the sound is cut.
similar picture to the size of the video.Many digital cameras allow adjust the size and aspect ratio.The larger the size, the better quality (higher definition), but more space on the carrier takes the video.If there is no shortage of space on the storage media or the supposed brief survey, I recommend readers MirSovetov shoot with a maximum size and therefore maximum quality.
But the aspect ratio does not affect the quality, but the effect on the result.Most running standard 4: 3 (longitudinal side longer than the short 1.33-fold) and 16: 9 and 3: 2 for a photo.The format 4: 3 are the most common TV sets and monitors.16: 9 - a specification for HDMI.It has TV with support for HDMI and some monitors.This so-called wide format.
Hence the conclusion.If you want more coverage when shooting the horizontal plane (to make wider coverage), it is advantageous to use a 16: 9;if, on the contrary, make a vertical plane more (above), the 4: 3.
Basic Recording But we should remember about something on which you then watch this video.IeIf the format does not match the video format displays the video device, the use of the screen area is unsustainable.For example, when viewing a video in 16: 9 to 4: 3 TV, black fields are formed horizontally, ietop and bottom.If, on the contrary, the source of 4: 3 and 16: 9 TV, these fields will be vertically and then even more irrational use of the frame.Of course, many TVs in this case, the image is stretched, but it would be distorted.
That is basically the setup menus, which are the most interesting and significant.There are still very important to adjust the exposure, focus, which you'll learn from the further narration.
So everything is set up, you can shoot!
But do not rush especially if you want to go to the "exit" movies.What else do you need?Do not forget to charge the battery (s), copy the existing tracks on your computer and clear the media in the chamber to have enough free space.Check the camera.Now you can shoot!

Reserves one!

basis of any video is only a few components: the right column (position);choose the right camera angle and perspective;picked up on the story exposition;timely and high-quality camera movements and zoom;vision of the future;timely exercise the right position.

Right Front - the key to success!

Proper rack improves the quality of video In order to improve the quality of shooting, as it may seem, you must take the correct position in space.It depends on your comfort (convenience rack and room for maneuver).The faster you get tired, including the inconvenience of the situation, the worse the quality of the footage, enhanced camera shake, etc.Yes, and not able to mouth properly selected position is detrimental to your creation.For example, you want to make a panorama, I must say that in the classical shooting panoramas made camera movement from left to right or top to bottom, so, if you get up properly, because of the physiological features of the spine, you may not be able to turn around the way youlike panorama and fail.To avoid such excesses, in the initial stages I advise readers MirSovetov practice, not including the recording on the camera.Over time, you'll know in advance how you must stand.
Standing in one place, put your feet at shoulder level, so your figure will be more stable, and the image is less jolting.If you want to move, keep in mind that in order to enhance the effect of motion in the video have to do it without turning off the recording.Pre-inspect escape routes to just do not stumble, Let's see if a seat when required.By the way, do not hesitate to sit down or, conversely, raise the camera up, when required by the nature of video, it does not forget that the camera can be held at an angle.
When driving with a camera, drive small steps, even a little shuffling, so as not to cause excessive vibration and noise of steps.

point shooting and the angle

Point and shoot camera angle when shooting movies point shooting - a place from which you shoot, and angle - the angle between the optical axis of the camera lens and the object of shooting, ieSimply put, the angle - the angle between the camera and the scene.
Here we must remember that there is a movement, and it should develop harmoniously in the frame.For example, you have settled down so badly that the actors almost always are back to you, or often leave the frame.Therefore, select a point and a view that this did not happen, leave space for maneuvers.Note also that time that by changing the angle on the vertical axis, you can fit in the frame more details.For example, you remove the child, which, though small, but does not include the whole (full length) in the frame.It will happen if you shoot it with the knee, iesitting down to be about the same height.And if you withdraw from the level of its growth, the child will be captured in all its magnitude.But in this case do not abuse becauselook down not look closely.Here it is necessary to develop
sense of the scene and promptly to take the necessary space.In no case do not remove standing in one place - the result will be quite boring!

Zoom and Zoom

Basic Recording Do not rely on the convenience and zoom.Yes, it is convenient, but often leads to the same all the boredom of what is happening.The only dominated zoom, so it is when recording videos of landscapes and architecture, when shooting events.
By the way, I remind you, the zoom - a device that allows you to change the focal length of the lens, resulting in a change of plan, small to large, or vice versa.As well as changing the angle of the field "view" of the lens.The larger zoom ratio (greater approximation), the smaller (narrower) angle and the greater the effect of shaking.
What useful zoom, and how to use it efficiently?
main "horse" of the device, which, incidentally, is inherited by the cameras from time immemorial - the ability to "grab" the subject of the environment.And that's the essence of it.
Naturally, this method is most useful when photographing people.When shooting a scene
general plan you find interesting expression or other action, finally, you just want to highlight this man out of society.However, as soon as the camera passes by this chosen fast enough "runs" Zoom on the man's face, while stopping the movement of the camera.After some delay, and should not be delayed for a long time the camera (1-2) produced a "rollback" and smooth resumption of traffic.But I advise readers MirSovetov not abuse this opportunity - so frequent repetition manipulation leads to more rapid fatigue of viewers who will then view your creation.
And now about why it is better to run and not to use the zoom.
Firstly, once it becomes clear that there are situations when the zoom is just not enough.Either the subject does not fit into the frame and have to move, an object must be extremely small and, on the contrary, to come.Also, remember that the maximum zoom you will not be able to take a long time, for a very strong effect shaking.
Secondly, do not forget about the angle field of view lens.In the position of the zoom 1x (lowest approximation), the viewing angle of the lens is maximum.This allows you to capture the most space, but image detail will be greatest if the items are not as removed from the lens.By the way, you must use a space frame with the mind.It is advisable to avoid the appearance of unsightly elements.Watch for framing.
With increasing degree of magnification, the viewing angle is reduced.And if you're too lazy to go to make it larger, it may be that not everything that you planned to go down to the frame.How better crop?

Crop Image

Basic Recording understood this term that sees your viewfinder (display), in the broadest sense - objects, and he sees not all.As mentioned just above, should be removed so that the field of view, the picture, did not get the extra items and unaesthetic.Unlike photography retouching video is very complicated and laborious, due to the fact that a lot of video frames that need to retouch.
When you build a frame, make it so that the main subject of the shooting took as much of the frame to the background, which in most cases is very unsightly, was the least catchy.It's like a logical, you shoot action, the people, not the background.Another thing - video of landscapes and architecture, where there is no as such actors.But in this genre may fall "surprises" in a waste bin, etc.Also note the time that such "surprises" can occur suddenly when zooming.
But do not panic, even if you can not avoid such incidents in the shooting, it can be removed during installation.There is a nuance
framing.When portraits differ head (close-up, when the frame only the head portrayed), belt (average plan, of course, with the head and the waist), and finally, growth (overall plan, full height).The head is better to use when a person or talking, or to express their emotions, to be seen facial expressions.Growth, when you want to show all the actions made by man, such as dance.Belt - is that somewhere, when a person goes on, but performs any action with his hands.
Try framing the main subject of the shooting as close as possible to the center of the frame.This will improve the image quality and increase, asthe resolution of the lens at the center of a lot more than on the outskirts.

And how to translate plans?

But here, unlike photography, large field for the imagination.Perspective Plan we have reviewed the translation above.You can also translate the plans into horizontal and vertical planes.Naturally, these methods can be combined.But once I wish to upset the majority of digital cameras, "tear" the panorama (this applies only to the movement of the camera in these planes).It is expressed in tugging pictures, even though you are not allowed jerks when moving the camera.Therefore, avoid rapid movements.Again, classic pan from left to right or top to bottom.But we should not get hung up and hard to follow this rule.If the object is moving movie "is not a classic" it is necessary to deviate from the above rule.And then the moment!If you want to permanently record the actions of the subject - keep it constantly in the frame corresponding camera movements.But if you want to enhance the effect of speed, as it may seem, you must move the camera towards the subject.When transferring from one plan to another actor, for example, in their dialogue, in any case, do not try to exactly follow the order of this dialogue, which will melteshenie camera - it will be impossible to watch.Learn how to translate plans simultaneously with the zoom.
How else can translate the plan?
Yes, a video camera, again in contrast to the camera and allows you to perform another method transfer plan, while maintaining his position and the immutability of the focal length.This is done by transfer of focus from the foreground to the background, or vice versa.However, this technique is only possible if the manual focus in the camera, and do it comfortably only focus ring.Ie